Understanding the basics of hygiene is crucial to maintaining health and preventing disease. Hygiene has been THE hot topic since the Coronavirus pandemic began. While our top hygiene exercise is currently social distancing, the Center for Disease Control(CDC) has put emphasis on practices such as washing your hands often and for 20 seconds at a time, coughing and sneezing into your elbow, and staying home if you are sick.
While these are some of the most important tips, there are countless hygiene rules that we should be following throughout our everyday lives. There are two categories to describe these types of hygiene: Personal and Domestic.
Personal Hygiene is how you take care of your body. These basic habits minimize the risk of infection and also enhance overall health.
- Bathe regularly: Wash your body and hair often. Your body is constantly shedding skin, and that skin needs to come off.
- Trim your nails: Keeping your finger and toenails trimmed and in good shape will prevent problems such as hang nails and infected nail beds. Keep your feet clean and dry.
- Brush and floss your teeth: At the very least, brush your teeth twice a day and floss daily. Brushing minimizes the accumulation of bacteria in your mouth, which can cause tooth decay and gum disease.
- Wash your hands: We all know this one… Washing your hands before preparing or eating food, after going to the bathroom, after coughing or sneezing, and after handling garbage, goes a long way toward preventing the spread of bacteria and viruses. Keep a hygiene product, like an alcohol-based sanitizing gel, handy for when soap and water isn’t available.
- Sleep: Get plenty of rest. At least 8 hours. Lack of sleep can leave you feeling run down and can compromise your body’s natural defenses, your immune system.
It is also important that everything in your living space is kept clean. Rubbish and dirt build up quicker than most people realize, allowing germs and parasites to multiply and grow. This will lead to people living in the space getting sick.
Domestic hygiene activities include all the jobs which are done to keep the household and people’s clothes and bedding clean.
- Sweeping and washing floors
- Dusting all surfaces
- Cleaning toilets, showers and sinks
- Washing clothes and bedding
- Washing dishes and cooking utensils after meals
- Washing your pets and cleaning up after them
Additional steps that you can take to keep your household clean include:
- Taking off shoes before entering your home: This helps lessen the chances of bringing outside bacteria into the home (ie. Animal droppings, dust, dirt, mud etc.) At the very least, keep your shoes off furniture.
- Donating or throwing away things you don’t need: A cluttered home provides more space for bacteria to hide and grow.
- Keeping a schedule: If you have a busy calendar, schedule time to clean so that it does not get overlooked or pushed off.